Category: Home Improvement

Colorism – A Silent Bias in the World of Diversity

Colorism, what is it? The word “diversity” when used in the workplace conjures up many meanings, often determined by where in the world you are. In the United States and especially in the southern states most people immediately think- race. In some parts of the US and within most other countries, people will think- race and gender. Within organizations that have launched diversity and inclusion initiatives the meaning of “diversity” broadens to include LGBTQ, age, abilities and many of the other differences among us that when respected creates a healthy and productive diversity of thought. Rarely, however do people think of colorism as an aspect of diversity and bias.

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin. Although the word ‘color’ is included as one of the many factors protected against discrimination, my work nationally and internationally continually surfaces an unconscious bias related to skin color regardless of ethnicity. In the US, until the 60s and 70s, the darker an African American person’s complexion the less likely that person would reach a high status in the workplace; the lighter the complexion and straighter the hair the more likely teachers Black and White would favor that child. Although thankfully this bias is fading as it relates to job advancement, research still indicates that little girls prefer to have fair skin and believe dark skin is bad and/or ugly. In the 80s and still present today, various media depict lighter skin tones as more attractive, and darker skin tone scary or dangerous.

My global work reveals the same bias. Often I am told, we just need to focus on gender equity because race is not an issue here, our culture is open and accepting. I am told, we are all French, or English, or Mexican no race or ethnic bias exists here. Yet, when I observe the community at large and the workplaces in particular, bias regarding tone of skin is evident. The lighter the skin the higher the position held. Immigrants and their descendants in countries around the world with darker skin hold the less prestigious jobs. Globally, skin lightening creams are sold and used even when the people, usually women, using them know of the potential health dangers.

The root of this bias runs deep. Perhaps that is why the acts of discrimination are so unconscious. Many communities and organizations celebrate diversity during the month of October. As you do so, I invite you to take a real look at color.

Successful Home Improvement Starts With These Tips

Home improvement projects can be very difficult, especially if you don’t know what you are doing. If you are unclear about how to get started planning your project, take a look at these ideas for getting things off the ground properly.

When buying a home, always set up a home inspection by a professional. Home inspectors inspect the home for repairs that are necessary. If you call in a professional that is a third party they will be able to keep things civil.

It’s time to pop those flooring bubbles! The air in a vinyl floor bubble can be released by slicing it. Doing this will only flatten the bubble for a short period of time. It can come back if you do nothing. In order to permanently repair this part of the floor though, you are going to need to put an amount of fresh glue in. A glue-filled syringe will make the job easy.

Sprucing up your walls with art is a great improvement idea, but it doesn’t have to be a painting. You can use practically anything for artwork. Three dimensional tiles set in two different colors is wall art within itself.

Always turn off the water if you are going to work on your kitchen or bathroom. Make sure you know where the shut off valve is before working near the plumbing system. This tip will help stop flooding.

When doing home improvement, watch the highly visible improvements. If you are trying to sell your home you do not want people to be put off by unattractive features. Although major improvements aren’t usually seen, lesser, more obvious ones are, so take care of them before selling your home.

Don’t buy expensive supplies. Instead, shop around and look for the best deals on home improvement materials. For example, new flooring prices can greatly vary. Check out larger, big-box suppliers and discount stores for better deals.

If the face of your home lacks style and character, think about putting in a pergola. Pergolas are becoming popular and will add a wonderfully shady place to spend some time. They are even easy to put together, especially with the help of friends and family. Have a barbecue over the weekend, and turn it into a pergola building party.

Install motion detectors in front of the entrance of your house. You will reduce your electric bill because your lights will only be on when they are needed. This idea can also keep your house safer from break-ins, since would-be thieves will trigger the motion sensor and turn on the lights for all to see.

If your home is in a dry area that is prone to fires, you should consider buying white or red cedar fences. Cedar is good because of its safety with regards to wildfires.

Improving your home to your desires is entirely possible. Even if you are not experienced, you can do some home improvement projects without spending money on a professional. These tips will help you complete your own home improvement project.

Dealing With Hot Spots In Your Home

When the weather heats up, hot spots in your home are a lot more noticeable. If youre one of the unlucky people trying to sleep in a room where your HVAC system has seemingly chosen to neglect, hot spots can go from uncomfortable to unbearable overnight. What most people dont realize is that this can be fixed either by you, the homeowner, or with a quick ac repair call to your local air conditioning company. You dont have to suffer through sleeping in sauna-like temperatures. There are things that both you and your air conditioning company can do to fix this.

How much are your windows contributing to the heat in your room? Old, inefficient windows let heat right in (or cold air right out). If your windows arent sealed properly or dressed with sun blocking curtains and blinds, youll notice a dramatic temperature difference between your room and rooms that are mindful of their windows.

Are your air ducts properly sized and sealed? Air ducts are responsible for transporting cool, conditioned air to each room in the house. If there is a major tear or leak in your air ducts, one or more rooms may lose their cold air to the attic. A few easy signs that you have an air duct leak are:

Inexplicably high energy bills

Dust on the tops and in the grooves of your doors

Hot (and cold) spots in your home

A cold attic in summer and hot attic in the winter

Little or no insulation around your air ducts

DIY air duct repairs are easily botched. For example, most people dont realize that, despite the name, you should never use duct tape to seal your air ducts. (Use a metal or mastic tape.) If you can easily access your attic, take a peak around. If there are noticeable tears or broken seals, you can try to patch them yourself or leave it to the pros. If youre tackling the project yourself, dont forget to insulate your air ducts well. Good insulation not only blocks thermal transfer, it can stop vapor transfer and even quiet the noise from vibrating ducts.

For a full air duct evaluation and professional repairs, call your local air conditioning company. The technicians there can ensure that your homes air ducts are sized, sealed and insulated correctly. Dont forget to check out the energy rebates offered to those who choose to repair, maintain and replace their inefficient air ducts! When your air ducts are performing properly, youll save money, energy and enjoy living more comfortably.

Ash Separator (Ash Can Filter)

Cleaning ash is both messy and dangerous. Naturally, homeowners might think of using a regular vacuum as a solution, but that would be a big mistake. Regular vacuums aren’t suited for this particular task and for some very good reasons.

The first and most obvious reflects the danger involved. Hot sparks and embers can endure for a long time while hidden in cool dust. When regular vacuums inhale them, paper filters catch fire and plastic melts. This is not a good thing.

Another reason is due to lack of containment. Particles pass easily through regular filters. An excess of fine dust leaves that lingering ashtray smell in the air and gray film on furniture, causing users to gag and experience that sticky icky feeling. Homeowners spend time and money cleaning their homes afterward. That’s too much aggravation.

Yet a third reason deals with debris that clogs vacuum bags and filters. Packed dust and other particles restrict the inflow, cause backup and weaken the suction. Users are left cleaning out their vacuums every few minutes.

The most critical reason why regular vacuums are insufficient, however, is that debris hinders performance, slowing operation over time. Fine dust and burning embers clog and damage the motor, causing irreparable damage. This is akin to an embolism going into the brain. Death can occur. Vacuums are no different.

The current market has two options for cleaning ash: the ash vacuum and the ash can filter also called “ash separator”. These two are not the same, but both guarantee impressive results.

Ash vacuums are designed to pick up cold or warm ash from fireplaces and stoves. They are constructed with fire-resistant materials and have a pre-filter cage for added protection. Their metal nozzles and steel canisters ensure that potentially dangerous debris is picked up and stored away safely and without a mess.

Ash can filters, on the other hand, have no motor but are reinforced with metal and are extremely durable. They require a connection with a regular vacuum for suction power, although this connection can be notably poor and the suction weak due to the ash filter’s internal capacity and clogs do occur on occasion. What makes them worthwhile is the fact they have a spark arrestor screen pre-filter to deflect hot sparks, smoldering embers and other dangerous particles. Ash can filters inhale only cooled fine ash, so their capabilities, though limited, are specialized.

By the way, ash vacuums run anywhere from $100 to $300 or more, depending on the brand and make.

Ash can filters fall in under $100, so buyers save some money on the latter.

Gas Furnace Type and Functions

Gas Furnace Functions

The process performed by a regular conventional gas furnace is quite simple in theory. The gas furnace is located in a large box and in order to control the temperature in your home or office the furnace takes in cold air, cleans this cold air by running it through an air filter, heats up the cold air by the use of a gas burner and a steel heat exchanger, then distributes the warm air through the ductwork in your home or office by using a blower. So as you can see the theory behind the heating and cooling cycle performed by a gas furnace is quite simple.

Gas Furnace Process

Once the gas furnace has completed the heating process and the warm air is inside your home, the air will begin to go through a natural cooling process. This cooling process makes it necessary to remove the cool air from you home and replace it warm air. This continual air heating and cooling exchange is performed by using return ducts which suck the cool air back to the gas furnace through return air grills and ductwork so it can run through the heating process again. Located on the return air grills and ductwork there is a device called a humidifier. This helps to control the humidity of the air inside your home so that the heated air is not too dry. This is an important process as the air can become very dry as is continues to go through the heating and cooling process performed by the gas furnace.

Gas Furnace Main Types

A conventional gas furnace is defined as anywhere up to 89% AFUE (annual fuel utilization efficiency) whereas anything above 90% is defined as a high efficiency condensing furnace. These high efficiency condensing furnaces are a little more complex than a conventional furnace. It uses slightly different technology to perform the heating and cooling function. The main differences lie in the method used to extract heat from the combustion process and the method used to exhaust the combustion gases. To put it simply, there is not a greater overall efficiency difference in the combustion process in a high efficiency condensing furnace compared to a conventional gas furnace. The difference in efficiency lies in the heat extraction process after combustion has occurred. Both the conventional gas furnace and the high efficiency condensing furnace use gas burners with electronic ignition systems.

The gas furnace heating system can sound a little complicated at first but its actually quite a simple theory. The engineering and design of a HVAC heating system is much more complicated to understand and implement. However, if you put in the effort to understand how a gas furnace works then performing simple maintenance and troubleshooting can be done yourself without hiring the services of a HVAC contractor.

This article has outlined a simplified version of the heating process performed by a gas furnace, and also what happens to the air once the cooling process begins. There are a number of other articles and videos on this Vancouver heating and cooling HVAC website that may also help further your knowledge on other HVAC aspects in addition to the function and process performed by a gas furnace.

The Future Is Bright For High Density Polyethylene Outdoor Furniture

Furniture made from recycled plastics is gaining prominence in the outdoor furniture industry. Recent advancements in manufacturing the material have made it a feasible alternative to what is traditionally used.

High density polyethylene or HDPE is a material derived from the number 2 type of recycled plastic. The most common container is the gallon milk jug. They are those semi-white jugs that you can see through a little. They are not the material used for solid white containers or the clear 2-liter bottles.

One form of HDPE that has come onto the market is called Polywood. It essentially is plastic lumber produced from type 2 waste recovered from recycling centers. Polywood is actually heavier and stronger than lumber cut from wood. First, the recycled plastic is crushed into pellets and then melted in a pot. Next, ultra-violet substances and color are added. This gives HDPE a huge advantage over traditional wood lumber. The liquid is then cured in molds shaped to normal sizes of lumber. The final product has a grain finish instead of having a smooth polished feel. I expect this material will soon be sold side by side with wood lumber in the home improvement chain stores.

The advantages of high density polyethylene furniture are numerous. First off, this recycled material is environmental friendly. No new plastic material has been introduced to the environment. The plastic has been saved from dumping into the ground and trees are saved from being cut down to make this furniture. Green alternative technologies are becoming a staple in many industries.

HDPE can handle the outdoor elements over time better than wood furniture. Sun, rain, and snow do not degrade high density polyethylene lumber. Insects and termites cannot eat away Polywood lumber. This furniture handles water over time without rotting and mildewing. Polywood furniture is an excellent choice for pool furniture at hotels and homes. In summary, high density polyethylene furniture will last a lot longer than wooden furniture.

Since Polywood lumber has solid color throughout, there is never a need to paint or stain it. The ultra-violet protection added will not allow the furniture to fade from sun exposure over the years. Polywood furniture needs only wipe down cleaning. It is very easy maintenance.

Finally, a great advantage to HDPE lumber is its high tensile strength. It is heavier and stronger than wood yet because it is plastic, there is a slight flexibility to it that makes it more comfortable than wood. Even though wood is somewhat flexible, it tends to warp permanently in one direction or another. Polywood flexes to the shape of a person’s body but springs back when they rise for sitting on it. Wood will crack, splinter, and shear much easier as well.

Next time you are in the market for outdoor furniture, consider buying high density polyethylene pieces. Do not mistake it for the cheap plastic furniture currently prevalent in the stores. HDPE is high quality plastic furniture and one day soon may take over as the top selling material for outdoor use.

Finding the Best Miter Saw for the Task through Miter Saw Reviews

A workshop won? be complete without a miter saw. Folks can cut pieces or blocks of woods correctly with this piece of equipment. You’ll find this efficient and practical particularly when working with woodworks and wooden frames for your own home. Certainly, there isn? just one single brand in miter saws. There are plenty of them available, and you must choose carefully to find the perfect one for you. You’ll find the best one for the task faster if you check out Miter saw reviews./p>

Basic, compound, dual compound, and sliding compound are the different kinds of miter saws that you can select from. Basic miter saws enable you to cut straight or angled, while the compound allows you to cut bevels with varying angles. If you are intending to cut bevels in just one direction, then the compound miter saw is perfect, but if you wish to cut in both directions, then you should be choosing the dual compounds instead. If you want their versatility combined, then the sliding compound is the ideal miter saw for you.

If you are searching for a great miter saw, then you should consider Ridgid Miter Saw. The brand gives various kinds of miter saws, and each one of them is equipped with enhancements that will improve their functionality and convenience. It is not surprising that this brand has exceptional Reviews of miter saw. This is because of the wonderful features seen in their products.

When making use of miter saws, there are a few things that need to be considered before doing the job. Its capability to give you saws in various blade sizes is the main reason why this brand is among the finest miter saw brands. The blade options are usually 8? 10? and 12? The bigger blade is good for longer cuts on materials that are larger than average. One can now buy several models from Craftsman Miter Saw with lasers for enhanced precision in cutting. It can help you cut wood as accurate as possible.

You might also need a big table if you want to keep the block of wood stable while you?e still cutting. Saws that this brand provides have large tables and even wide ones, which are really advantageous once you have to cut long blocks or sticks of wood. There are also models that are made available by this brand that are powered by battery, which makes them much easier to utilize when you?e working someplace else. So, you don? have to go anywhere just to find an electrical outlet to have your tasks done. But of course there will always be sawdust when you cut wood. Good news is, there is a decent-sized dust bag connected to the dust collecting system in the Ridgid Miter Saw to keep the workspace tidy.

It is important to focus on security more than anything else when you are handling this kind of tool. There are saws that have safety features made by this brand, they are all geared towards avoiding both minor and deadly injuries, these details are featured in miter saw reviews. You must make sure that you?e always doing the tasks in a safe way, which can be done by means of wearing protective gear and following the instructions that are written in the manual. A miter saw is surely a should have for anyone who owns a workshop. If you wish to get your own miter saw, then you must not be impulsive in making a choice.

A good way of getting to know about Best Miter Saw is to start up studying in a place where you feel at ease. Undertaking things quickly can end up with a mess. Take the time to visit the http://www.bestmitersawreviewsguide.com/ site and be educated with Ridgid Miter Saw. Set up a particular aim for yourself so that you can be centered on what that you’re wanting to do.

Backyard Playground Safety – Part 2 Selecting The Best Protective Playground Surface

The protective playground surface is the most frequently overlooked component of home playground safety. While approximately 80% of public playgrounds have some type of shock-absorbing protective surfacing under playground equipment, only 9% of home backyard playgrounds do, according to a 2001 playground injury study performed by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC). The study found that, of the approximately 50,000 injuries per year associated with home backyard playground equipment, 69% of the injuries were a result of falls to a non-protective surface below the equipment.

Perhaps the most familiar backyard playground surface options are grass and dirt, but neither surface adequately protects children against serious injury due to falls, even falls that occur from 30 inches or less above the ground. Fractures of the arms and hands, and cuts and bruises of the head and face are the most often reported injuries that result from a child falling from playground equipment to a non-protective playground surface such as grass or dirt, as reported by the CPSC.

The good news is that a variety of protective surfaces exist that can fulfill a homeowner’s need for playground safety. Not surprisingly, playground surface options range in cost from reasonable to pricey, and each option has its own list advantages and disadvantages. Considering the advantages and disadvantages of each type of playground surface material, as presented in this article, should provide you with enough information to choose the most appropriate playground surface for your backyard playground.

The first and most vital piece of information to know before selecting a material to use for your protective playground surface is the critical height of the playground equipment. Critical height refers to the “maximum fall height from which a life-threatening head injury would not be expected to occur.” The critical height of your playground equipment equals the height (in feet) of the uppermost portion of your backyard playground equipment that is accessible to children. The protective playground surface you decide on for your backyard playground should be installed with a depth that is appropriate for your equipment’s critical height.

The following information details the critical height (in feet) for each of the loose-fill surface materials described in this article “when tested in an uncompressed state at depths of 6, 9, and 12 inches. The [information] also shows the critical height when a 9 inch depth of each material was tested in a compressed state.” For instance, if the critical height of your backyard playground equipment is 8 feet, then your options for protective loose-fill surface materials, according to the information below, would be 9 inches of compressed or uncompressed wood chips, 9 inches of uncompressed shredded bark mulch, 12 inches of uncompressed play sand, 12 inches of uncompressed pea gravel, or 6 inches of uncompressed recycled rubber mulch.

WOOD CHIPS*
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 7 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 10 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 11 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 10 feet

*This product may also be referred to as Wood Mulch, but the term Wood Chips more accurately describes the product.

SHREDDED BARK MULCH
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 6 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 10 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 11 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 7 feet

ENGINEERED WOOD FIBERS**
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 6 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 7 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = >12 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 6 feet

**This may also be referred to as Uniform Wood Chips, but, in the playground industry, the product is more commonly known as Engineered Wood Fibers.

FINE SAND
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 9 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 5 feet

COURSE SAND
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 6 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 4 feet

FINE GRAVEL
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 6 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 7 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 10 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = >6 feet

MEDIUM GRAVEL
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 6 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 5 feet

SHREDDED TIRES***
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 10-12 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = N/A
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = N/A
– Nine inch depth, compressed = N/A

***This data is from tests conducted by independent testing laboratories on a 6 inch depth of uncompressed shredded tire samples produced by four manufacturers. The test results reported critical heights which varied from 10 feet to greater than 12 feet. It is recommended that persons seeking to install shredded tires as a protective surface request test data from the supplier showing the critical heights of the material when it was tested in accordance with ASTM F1292.

Alternatives to loose-fill surface materials are rubber playground tiles, rubber mats, and poured-in-place playground surfaces. These choices are available from a number of manufacturers who may use a variety of shock-absorbing materials. The manufacturers should be able to provide you with test data that shows the critical height for the protective surfaces they offer.

Knowing some of the advantages and disadvantages of loose-fill surface materials will assist you in narrowing the choices to meet your particular needs. In general, loose-fill playground surface materials like wood chips, shredded bark mulch, pea gravel, play sand, and recycled rubber mulch are most often chosen for backyard playgrounds because they are inexpensive and readily available from a local garden center or home improvement warehouse. Recycled rubber mulch can also be found in a variety of colors and sizes through internet suppliers.

LOOSE-FILL MATERIALS – GENERAL GUIDELINES

A retaining barrier of some kind is necessary to keep the surface materials from becoming displaced as a result of active play or weather conditions. In addition, loose-fill materials should never be installed on top of hard surfaces like concrete or asphalt. Lastly, good drainage beneath the protective surface is crucial.

Overall Advantages:

– The initial cost of installing a loose-fill playground surface under your backyard playground equipment is generally low because the materials are easy to find and are relatively inexpensive.

Overall Disadvantages:

– Over time, loose-fill materials can become compressed, thus lowering their protective capabilities.
– Recommended depths become compromised when active play or windy conditions displace the loose-fill materials.
– Debris such as broken glass, nails, and other sharp objects which can cause injury can be easily hidden by loose-fill materials.
– Continuous maintenance is required to maintain proper depth and to remove debris. Maintenance can include raking, sifting, grading, and leveling.
– Periodic renewal or replacement of loose-fill materials is necessary, which can require more time and money than expected. The exception to this is recycled rubber mulches – see below for further details.

WOOD CHIPS AND SHREDDED BARK MULCH

Advantages:

– Wood chips and shredded bark mulch are not as abrasive as play sand.
– Animals are less likely to contaminate wood chips and shredded bark mulch.
– Wood chips and shredded bark mulch are attractive.

Disadvantages:

– The protective ability of wood chips and shredded bark mulch is reduced in rainy, humid, and freezing weather conditions.
– Over a period of time, wood chips and shredded bark mulch will become crushed, compacted, and will decompose.
– Wood chips and shredded bark mulch can grow fungus and mold when wet or moist.
– Insects are drawn to wood chips and shredded bark mulch.

PEA GRAVEL

Advantages:

– Pea gravel will not become crushed and decompose.
– Mold and fungus growth is not generally an issue.
– Animals and insects are less attracted to pea gravel.

Disadvantages:

– Pea gravel can be hard to walk on.
– The protective ability of pea gravel is reduced in rainy, humid, and freezing weather conditions.
– Pea gravel can be a falling hazard if displaced from the playground area to a nearby hard surface (sidewalk, decking, or patio, for example).

PLAY SAND

Advantages:

– Play sand will not become ground down and decompose.
– Mold and fungus growth is not generally a problem.

Disadvantages:

– Play sand can be difficult to walk on.
– The protective ability of play sand is reduced in rainy and humid weather conditions.
– Animals are attracted to sand unless it can be covered when not in use.
– Play sand adheres easily to shoes, clothing, and skin.
– Play sand can scratch floor surfaces if tracked inside.

RECYCLED RUBBER MULCH

Advantages:

– Recycled rubber mulch does not generally need to be replaced or renewed each year. Many manufacturers claim that rubber mulch can last approximately 50 years without requiring replacement. Check with recycled rubber mulch suppliers for any guarantees or warrantees that may be available.
– Rubber mulch tends to be cleaner and less likely than other loose-fill materials to produce dirty clothing, hands, and shoes during active play.
– Does not cause scrapes, scratches, or splinters from falls.
– Animals and insects are not attracted to rubber mulch.
– Mold and fungus growth is not an issue.

Disadvantages:

– Recycled rubber mulch may need to be raked periodically to maintain appropriate depths in high traffic areas.
– Colors on recycled rubber mulch may fade over time.

OTHER PROTECTIVE PLAYGROUND SURFACE OPTIONS

Rubber tiles, rubber mats, and poured-in-place surfaces are initially more expensive surface options than loose-fill materials, but they usually need little maintenance over time. To determine whether one of these options would be more cost effective than a loose-fill material, consider how many children might potentially use your backyard playground equipment and for how many years. Larger families, for example, may prefer to pay more at first for a surface that will be easier and much less expensive to maintain over many years of active use.

Advantages:

– No means of containment is usually necessary.
– Surfaces are wheelchair accessible and easy to walk on.
– Displacement of materials is not an issue, so the protective ability of these surfaces remains consistent even in high traffic areas.
– Surfaces require very little maintenance over time and are easy to clean.
– Debris such as broken glass and other sharp objects which can cause injury are not easily hidden in these surfaces.
– Animals and insects are not attracted to the surface materials.
– Mold and fungus growth is not an issue.

Disadvantages:

– The area under the surface usually requires special preparation. Contact the manufacturer or supplier for details.
– Surfaces may require professional installation.
– Rubber tiles may curl and cause tripping if not installed correctly.
– Some surfaces may be damaged by frost.

In summary, no protective playground surface of any type or depth can prevent all injuries. Nonetheless, installing a protective playground surface as the foundation for your backyard playground equipment is an important step in improving playground safety. The best playground surface for your needs is up to you, but whatever choice you make will be a significant step toward protecting the children who use your playground equipment from serious injuries due to falls to the surface.

Sources:

CPSC Document 323. “Home Playground Safety Tips.”
CPSC Document 324 “Outdoor Home Playground Safety Handbook.” 2005.
CPSC Document 1005. “Playground Surfacing Materials.”
CPSC Report. “Home Playground Equipment-Related Deaths and Injuries.” July 2001.
CPSC Report. “Special Study: Injuries and Deaths Associated with Children’s
Playground Equipment.” April 2001.

Everything you Get Previously Needed to Be familiar with Firearms.

In many ways, markers are a great purchase. They could be expensive and in addition they could ignite the curiosity that may cause you to be a little more self-assured. But tips on how to locate a firearm that you will appreciate? Just keep reading and you’ll be able to carry out that./p>

Consider the maturation of this little one while acquiring brand new guns. Smaller weapons generally is a hazard with regard to babies and toddlers whom effortlessly put everything into their lips. Be sure that completely new firearms are stored faraway from young children. Weapons that are intended for older kids can readily frustrate youngsters.

A superb weapon must be safe and entertaining. Regarding teenagers, search for weapons in which teach all of them the actual security and also accuracy and reliability. You could find guns that can capture reliably once the ideal induce is actually pushed. Young adults are usually learning a great enjoying themselves at the same time. Mastering through enjoy is the best knowledge.

Bring in your current fresh teen to help pistols by giving your pet model markers which he may enjoy having. A new gadgets firearm having non-lethal principal points is always a favourite. Your kids may test out building his / her strive. Many doll markers feature a target simply put kid can certainly process taking pictures a smaller thing.

Look for labels associated with markers. Currently, you’ll not locate several markers made with deadly pieces including we were looking at many years ago. Yet, you can still find some in existence. Such marker could hurt your child, must he / she consume an element of the item.

Get your kids coupled whenever buying his or her markers. Until you already know exactly what they demand, guessing from which pistols they are going to appreciate will probably be struck and also miss. This will likely make sure these people obtain something that they are sure to get pleasure from. Additionally, it guarantees you aren’t squandering your hard earned money in almost any weapons that wont double.

When just about any weapon you simply purchase to your youngster operates by means of batteries, be sure to take them off whenever your youngster is actually using it. You’d be surprised at how quick it’s for any child to look at the battery beyond any gun upon bite as well as chew up it. By no means also give them a chance to accomplish this.

Discover weapons which may have excellent return guidelines. There is a constant know what kind of weapon a young person is going to similar to. By understanding your store’s exchange insurance plan, can save you plenty of trouble.

Often, guns are a great investment decision. They may be expensive plus they may kindle your awareness that will lead you to be a little more self-assured. Although how would you discover a marker from texas gun laws you will take pleasure in? Simply continue reading and you will discover ways to perform that. Learn more about side rifle regulation along with security by visiting each of our web site.

Energy Saving Tips for Air Conditioners and Fans

Having a window air conditioner, or even a good fan, can make even the hottest day more comfortable, but if you are not careful those units can also run up your utility bills. There are ways to reduce the energy consumption of both air conditioners and fans, and it is important to learn those tips and tricks before the hot summer months arrive.

The choice of air conditioner can make a big difference in the utility bills you have to pay. Choosing a model based on its energy efficiency as well as its purchase price can save you a lot of money in the long run. It is often better to spend a little more up front on an energy efficient model you can more than make up the difference in the energy you will save.

Look for an air conditioner with variable fan speeds. That flexibility allows you to choose the amount of cooling you need reducing energy usage and saving you money. Variable-speed air conditioners also run more quietly, so you will not be disturbed by the whir of the fan.

Try to install the window unit in as central a location as possible. If you can, choose the window that is closest to the center of the room. This will allow the air to flow more freely and cool the entire room or group of rooms more efficiently. Choosing an area out of direct sunlight will also help the air conditioner run more efficiently and use less energy. Be sure to seal up any gaps between the side and top of the unit and the window. This will reduce energy leakage and keep that cool air where it belongs in your home.

Once that unit is in place, consider adding a simple timer to cool the room only when needed. Set the timer to turn the air conditioner off when you leave home in the morning and back on just before you get back in the evening.

Be sure to close the fresh air vent whenever the air conditioner is running. The fresh air vent allows air to flow in from outside, which is great when the unit is turned off. If you leave it on, however, you are literally paying to cool the outside world.

You can reduce your cooling costs further by using fans in conjunction with your window air conditioners. A fan can circulate the cool air and allow you to set the air conditioner at a higher temperature. Oscillating fans are particularly good at moving air around the home.

Ceiling fans are also great either in addition to the air conditioner or as a replacement. Set the ceiling fan to bring the air down into the room you will likely notice a change in comfort level right away. When the hot summer months are over, setting the ceiling fan to move air toward the ceiling can reduce your heating costs and keep the house more comfortable.

Consider adding a whole house fan for even more comfort and lower energy costs. A whole house fan is designed to be mounted in the attic, and it ventilates the entire home at once. You will need to open a few windows before turning the whole house fan on, but once it is going it can really make a difference. You may even be able to turn your air conditioner off until the temperature gets extremely high.

Using these tips can let you keep your home comfortable and cool all summer long and let you save money at the same time. You can reduce your summer energy costs will still keeping your home and your family comfortable and cool all season long.