Month: April 2017

Options For The Interior Lighting Of Your Home That Work Best

Interior lighting is one aspect of a room that must be considered if you want everything to look its best. The right kind of lighting can showcase features such as an elegant rug, high quality furniture or artwork on the walls. The lighting should not be too harsh, or dim. You need to set it at the right intensity. The following are just some of the interior lighting options worth considering if you’re looking for a way to enhance the appearance of your house.

When choosing the type of lighting for your home, it’s important to stick with a consistent style.

The same lamps or lighting fixtures that will look great in one home will seem inappropriate in another. If you have a modern looking lamp right next to a Victorian-style piece of furniture, this will clash in a heartbeat. When shopping for something on a website, or in the department store, the type of lighting that you use in a different in both locations. Consider in your mind the way it should look to you. Try to make your Interior lighting complement your home, not conflict with it in any way.

The dining room is one spot where lighting is important. Many meals take place in this area, as well as family gatherings and parties. You want this room to be bright and cheerful, but at the same time you don’t want to feel like you’re under a spotlight. It is a good idea to have a dimmer with your overhead light. The main room in the house where you want to control the lighting is probably the room where you have social gatherings. The dining room can be lit up effectively with both attractive lamps and wall sconces. Whatever effect to want, you can experiment until you get it.

The lighting you choose for a bedroom should not be the same as for a living room or dining room. It should be soft light, creating a cozy environment. If there’s an overhead light, it’s best to have it on a dimmer so the room won’t be any brighter than necessary.

A reading lamp on the table next to the bed is also a good idea. A bulb that is too bright, especially in this lamp, should be avoided. You don’t want the room to get brighter. You just want enough light to read with. Your bed should not have lights directly pointed at it. It can cause strange and unwanted appearance. You need to be a restful relaxed mood, which is what bedroom lighting should achieve.

In conclusion, the overall appearance of your home will be greatly impacted when having interior lighting options. Choose one room at a time. No need to rush! You want to have the right kind of lighting in each part of your house as each room is different. We’ve provided some viable lighting solutions you may want to try. You can achieve any look that you want, for any room in your house. There are so many possibilities. Good luck!

Interior Design – Beauty Salon

IT’S IN THE PLANNING

Senior Interior Designer Caroline Flannery with Dublin based Interior Design Consultancy Level Design Solutions states that whilst your salon should certainly be chic and stylish it must also function as a working space. You will need to consider the layout carefully in order to optimise all available space and to ensure an effortless flow of people throughout. It is pointless after all to invest in state of the art equipment or expensive lighting and finishes if your staff are constantly tripping over each other or your clients are uncomfortable. Since salons normally offers a wide range of services it is usual to break up the floor plan into a number of separate spaces for example you may require some private treatment rooms for waxing and massage in addition to a more open plan area for nails. Consider the following elements whilst outlining the layout of your salon. Reception/Waiting Area The reception desk should face the entrance. Try to keep the desk away from the waiting area to protect client’s privacy. Consider using flat LCD monitors for a more streamlined contemporary finish. The number of seats will depend on the size of the salon but it is obviously not productive to have too many people waiting to be seen. Display and market product in the reception/waiting area. You should also provide a closed space for coats/bags if possible. Manicure and Pedicure Areas These sections should be close to each other enabling the sharing of common storage compartments and for ease of access. Clients should not be expected to walk across the salon whilst in the process of having a treatment done. Wash basins should be within close reach. Treatment Rooms Separate compartments should be provided for each treatment to ensure complete privacy, ideally these rooms will be sound proofed and should be positioned close to a WC/Shower. Storage Storage is an important element of the planning stage as units can be incorporated into the wall for a more streamlined finish. A sense of cleanliness and order can be achieved by storing products in closed cabinets or hidden shelves. Ensure that the therapists have all the equipment and tools they need within reach. Plumbing and Electrical Consider how many basins and electrical points you will require and try to incorporate these into your layout design. Written by Caroline Flannery BA(hons) DipHE LEVEL DESIGN SOLUTIONS – Dublin 15, Ireland www.leveldesignsolutions.com

Professional and Affordable Interior Design Consultancy

Basic Kitchen Layouts And Their Respective Uses

Kitchen layout is the foundation of a beautiful cooking area, which comes in various styles such as: single-wall, corridor, L-shaped, U-shaped, G-shaped, and Island style.

Kitchen area is one place in your house that requires a well-thought out design because a nice looking place can motivate the cook to prepare mouth-watering dishes. Before you can beautify the area, first you need to identify the layout of the room. From there, you can now decide on the add-ons and accessories to make it more conducive. As much as possible, maintain a spacious area, so that you can work on without obstructions and delay. Here are some of the common kitchen layouts for your kitchen:

Single-wall

Sometimes called straight kitchen, this is recommended for smaller house where the space is limited. It is attached to one side of the wall, so that the remaining space can be fully maximized. However, you can still enhance its storage capacity by adding pull-out drawers on the counter.

Corridor

Galley is the other name for corridor kitchen where the work stations are parallel with each other. This is another way to enhance space because it provides center aisle where you can move around; thus, commercial kitchen often utilize this type of layout. This is because chefs can have unobstructed footwork even during peak hours.

L-shaped

This type of kitchen is a popular choice for most homeowners who have long, open room because it is so versatile that the cook can work at the same time entertain guests with just one turn. This is the most ideal layout because maneuvering is not a problem at all.

U-shaped

If you want to have a multiple work area, U-shaped is best for you. This set-up also gives you sufficient storage space where you can place cooking essentials both on top and below the counters. This is perfect if you have lots of cooking appliances to display such as microwave, toaster, rice cooker, and the more.

G-shaped

Although, it provides moving space that is almost the same as the u-shaped, the only difference is the narrow passageway. This is perfect if want to create a more private cooking space away from onlookers since the limited point of entry prevents them from getting in and out easily.

Island style

With just one counter located at the center of the room, this requires less travelling around since everything you need are just within reach such as the sink, appliances, and storage. Household traffic is greatly minimized because there are two lanes for everybody to move around.

Whatever layout you choose, you need to consider comfort on top of everything. Do not just copy what you see on home magazines; instead build a place that facilitates ease.

Positioning Office Furniture

For most people, arranging office furniture may be a low item on their priority list. However, if an individual has an office at their home or at their job, it is very important that they consider how it should be arranged. It is also important to note and know that there are professionals who hired to perform these duties in large corporations and other businesses. These people are hired to arrange offices and work areas in order to increase worker productivity.

Each office area in a large corporation is strategically arranged; specifically areas that have large volumes of employees working in customer service type of positions. Therefore, two of the major goals or objectives in setting up a properly arranged office are productivity and comfort. Sometimes the individuals in an office may want to arrange the furniture in order accommodate or make their clients more comfortable. Other people may want to arrange the furniture in the office to make their work activities more productive. While other people want the furniture to be arranged so that it is very pleasing and attractive to them and the person that comes in to visit.

The size of the room should be measured before purchasing the furniture from a local furniture store or shopping for different items online. Also, the size of the room will allow the person to make a preliminary plan or outline of where they want the office furniture to be placed in. Because the desk is the most important piece that will be placed in the room it should be positioned first. The desk is also is the focal point and other furniture will be positioned around it.

If productivity is the major goal or objective, the desk should be positioned near all of the electrical outlets. Positioning the desk near the electrical outlets will allow the person to plug and unplug the computer, lights, and other machinery without having to get up and down. The desk should also be position, if possible, near a window, which will give the individual the amount of light, especially if they will be working throughout the day time hours.
Machines, file cabinets, and other office supplies should also placed near the desk. The goal is to place the things that are most commonly used as close to the person as possible. This will keep them from having to get up multiple times to perform certain activities.

How Much Iron Do We Need At What Levels Does Iron Become Toxic

Recommended Daily Allowance
There is no one single daily recommended allowance of iron for everyone at all stages of their lives. Because of this fact, many consumers may think that they should take the same amount of iron that they have always taken or take the same amount as a friend or relative. This may not be enough to suit their particular nutritional needs or it may be too much. Fortunately, there are many sources of dietary iron and no withdrawal symptoms to if a patient discovers that he or she is consuming too much iron.

America’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) publishes a chart breaking down the differences in the daily recommended dosage of iron:

*Males over 19: 8 milligrams
*Male vegetarians: 14 mg
*Females 19 – 50: 18 mg
*Female vegetarians: 32 mg
*Females over 50: 8 mg
*Pregnant women: 27 mg
*Nursing women: 10 mg
*Newborns to 6 months: 0.27 mg
*Babies 7 12 months: 11 mg
*Children 1 – 3 years: 7 mg
*Children 4 8: 10 mg
*Children 9 13: 8 mg
*Children 14 19: 10 mg

This is only a rough guideline. Patients with particular illnesses, women with exceptionally heavy periods, individuals with vitamin C deficiencies or individuals who habitually consume beverages like tea that interfere with the body’s absorption may require a doctor to determine their daily levels. Some trial and error may be needed.

Why Bother with Iron?
Iron performs several functions in the body. Most importantly, it helps blood transport oxygen throughout the body. This is why it can be found in just about every cell of the human body. Oxygen and other chemicals help the cell absorb glucose (blood sugar), the cell’s fuel. Iron is also thought to play a significant role in the human immune system and in brain function. Although very few individuals can attract a magnet, all healthy individuals have minute portions of iron in their cells.

Patients with iron anemia (also called iron poor blood) feel exhausted all the time, despite how much sleep and exercise they obtain. Their skin is often pale or more pale than usual. They may feel as if a weight is on their lungs and complain of being faint or short of breath. Without the proper amounts of oxygen traveling through the bloodstream, the body does not have sufficient energy to work at maximum efficiency. Life for the iron anemic is dreary and overwhelming because of the fatigue. It takes a tremendous effort to even accomplish simple tasks.

Symptoms of iron anemia are very similar to those of other chronic conditions such as clinical depression and thyroid problems. Taking extra dietary iron will not help these conditions and will unnecessarily prolong the patient’s suffering. This is why it is important for anyone with these symptoms to go to a doctor for a blood test to obtain a proper diagnosis. Without a proper diagnosis, there cannot be proper treatment.

What is Dietary Iron?
Dietary iron is comprised of proteins and comes in two types called heme (found in hemoglobin in the blood) and non-heme (found in myoglobin, found in muscles and bones.) Dietary iron is marketed under the name ferrous sulfate, which is easily available in multivitamin supplements or iron sulfate supplements. But it is also abundant in multiple food sources. Vitamin C has been shown to help the body absorb iron more efficiently, thus eating foods rich in vitamin C or taking vitamin C supplements is highly recommended.

A common misconception is that meat is the superior source of iron from food. Larger quantities of iron can be found in similar size portions of porridge, oats and vitamin-fortified breakfast cereals. Iron may also be found in many vegetables, milk, eggs, beans, nuts, whole grains and some starchy foods such as grits. Many meal replacement powders, liquids and bars contain iron. Some beverages such as tap water may also contain ferrous sulfate.

Avoiding Iron Overdose
The human body is not an efficient absorber of iron. On average, the body only absorbs 10% of the iron it consumes. But iron overload is possible and can bring debilitating symptoms. Clifford S. Spanierman, MD of Lutheran General Hospital and a specialist in pediatrics and emergency medicine, estimates iron toxicity to be a major factor in the deaths of children under six years old. Dr. Spanierman speculates that children may take iron supplements in the mistaken belief that they are sweets.

Symptoms of iron overdose are dramatic, often including copious amounts of diarrhea and vomiting. Dr. Spanierman reports that if a patient can stay conscious and get to a hospital, the patient has an excellent chance of surviving. But if the patient becomes unconscious, the chances of recovery are very slim. In extreme cases, blood transfusions are needed in order to quickly clean the excess iron from the body. Dr. Spanierman added that women over 65 were also prone to iron overdose because they were not aware that their iron needs drop significantly after the completion of menopause.

A good general rule to avoid iron overdose is to avoid taking an iron supplement if not instructed to by a physician. Because of the dangers of iron overdose, it is never a good idea to self-diagnose one’s health problems.

Conclusion
Individuals can suffer if they do not have enough iron or die if they consume too much. Iron is easily available in the modern diet through natural foods, nutritional supplements and iron-fortified foods. Never guess as to the amount of iron to consume. Consult a physician with any questions.

Cabinet Repairs

Over time, cabinets can go through regular wear and tear just like any part of your home. With that said, it is important to have both preventative and regular care and repair for cabinets in your household. Whether you have wooden kitchen cabinets, or an antique bedroom armoire, it is important to maintain the longevity of your cabinets and storage areas. Maintenance and repairs are crucial to the well being of your cabinets. Refurbishing the appearance is also key.

There are many different ways to restore and repair minor cabinet issues, some of which are very do-it-yourself. One of these includes cabinet re-facing, which is the process of replacing cabinet knobs, doors, and occasionally drawers. A new veneer can replace all of the visible parts easily. Re-facing cabinets is very economical, even for smaller budgets, saving about half the money you would spend on getting new cabinets. It is also a great way to prevent waste in a time when resources are scarce, as keeping cabinets that are in otherwise good condition can be beneficial. Small modifications for re-facing allow you to conserve resources. Also, since most cabinets contain formaldehyde, by keeping old cabinets, you are able to keep this chemical out of the landfill, thus helping the environment. Re-facing is great because there are a variety of finishes on the market to completely revamp the look of older cabinets. New molding and trim, as well as glass can be added for a completely new look. Cabinet re-facing is a great way to spend minimal money to attain a new look from an old set of cabinets.

A common sign of wear and tear in cabinets are problems with cabinet door edges. Sometimes the lines of the doors need to be evened out for both function and appearance. In order to do this, cabinet hinges can be removed easily with a screwdriver. After the cabinet is placed on a smooth surface to work on, a ruler or string can be used to measure a straight edge. Then, a sander can be used to sand off the excess unevenness of the cabinet edge. If the edge is missing, replacement wood can be glued on and sanded down to create the appearance of even doors. Putty can then be used to fill in any of the gaps or seams. Finally, the finished product can be varnished or repainted to look brand new.

Another way to repair or refurbish old cabinets that have poor appearance is to use adhesive painted paper for cabinet doors. This paper, much like sticky wallpaper, is simple, inexpensive, and can truly change the entire look of cabinets. It comes in a variety of colors, prints, and styles that can truly enhance any room. Once the adhesive paper is picked out, it is important to precisely measure the cabinet door to ensure that the paper will fit the exact dimensions and look clean. After the cabinet is cleaned with mild soap and water, it can be smoothly sanded down. Apply the adhesive paper slowly, to ensure that there are no air bubbles. This is a great way to enhance any old cabinet’s appearance quickly and easily.

Chuck Box Plans – Things To Consider In Making Your Portable Kitchen Organizer

Do you often find yourself camping wherever in the open air? If that is the case, you’d probably require the guidance of good chuck box plans to help you construct your own special kitchen box. It’ll be nifty to possess just this type of kitchen organizer to bring with you anytime you go camping.

Chuck boxes are those nice things which holds all your cooking needs coordinated even though you are camping. It keeps all your utensils, pots, pans, paper towels and spices all in one spot so you can easily load all your camp kitchen needs even while you’re away from the house.

In order to build a portable organizer in a box that is suitable for you, you need to consider these things:

SIZE

How big do you want your chuck box to be? To answer this, you need to determine the purpose of your box. If it is mainly used for carrying all your kitchen needs for camping purposes, then you’ll want to build something that’s big enough to carry all your cooking gears but small enough to make it very portable. These two aspects are very important if you wish to build a box for camping purposes.

Then again, if you need a box you can bring along with you on your fishing trips, then a work board might be very useful to give you that space for you to cut your fish. Also take note of the different supplies and cooking gears you’ll really need to store in your box as this will also determine its size.

MATERIALS

If it’s a simple box you plan to build, then you can simply go to a local lumberjack and find for yourself all the wood that you need to build a simple box for all your portable kitchen gears. However, if you want the surface of your chuck box used as a work board, you can attach a metal laminate on it using screws.

CHUCK BOX PLANS

To keep all the things as organized as possible, you will need a design for your chuck box. The design should maximize whatever space there is to accommodate all your portable cooking gadgets. It has to be a well thought design and very appropriate for your personal needs and inclinations.

Energy-efficiency Electronics Hardware A bridge Fuel To The Future

Demand for energy continues to be a major topic around the world. Renewable energy sources such as wind, solar or hydro power are increasingly being utilized to provide for that demand. Many States have even recently passed laws raising the minimum renewable usage cap that utility companies must implement into their overall supply. But … we still require escalating amounts of energy for agriculture, industry, and to heat our homes and offices. Emerging as a “bridge fuel” to clean energy and renewable resources, the power electronics industry is poised to span that gap with hardware solutions needed to build intelligent power systems.

The Obama administration plans to spend billions of dollars on power conservation and sustainable energy projects as part of a $787 billion stimulus package which is has focused on energy efficiency. Andrew Fanara, of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Energy Star program has famously said. “Energy efficiency is the bridge fuel we must build on and must invest in” he stresses “Energy efficiency is the cheapest, cleanest, fastest way to act.”

In part, the administration’s strategy is to use improved energy efficiency as a method of buying time to invest in and explore emerging and clean energy options. With initiatives like the smart power grid gaining traction, the power electronics hardware that makes it all work and its new designs aimed at increasing energy efficiency will be at the core of the plan.

Already, there is huge demand for power efficiency by consumers found an industry survey. And, consumers are willingly paying a premium for electronic hardware that delivers energy efficiency. This trend anticipates a growing number of electronic hardware devices will be utilized, which lowers costs and drives improved energy efficiency. Measured in dollars per watt this high volume of hardware deployment forecasts the efficiency for power electronics may drop to as low as 12 cents per watt by 2013.

The focal point of “smart power” systems and a national smart energy grid has clearly been on the hardware side of the equation. To be successful, in the not to distant future, engineers will also make use of the intelligence provided by software so that the hardware components communicate most effectively to accomplish maximum reduction of power consumption. The know-how exists now for this integrated software, but it is still far from widespread.

Power Profiling is a valuable energy-efficiency tool that granularly identifies the power consumed specifically by HVAC, appliances, networks, lighting etc. and communicates this information to users. A user profile is developed by use of proprietary algorithms that calculate information regarding a structure’s overall usage, and several data points such as the time of day and its energy consumption history.

The purpose of power profiling is to enable users to know exactly what activities or systems are consuming the most power, including how much, and how that consumption is affected by actions they take. Most HVAC and appliances are not yet enabled so numerous hardware metering devices are used throughout the structure, at least an adequate number to demonstrate to the user what the largest power users are and how to limit consumption.

Home Area Networks (HAN) are increasingly communicating with utilities in addition to the traditional media centers and computers. Both utilities and consumer electronics companies are offering and assortment of hardware solutions with methods of pre-programming and remotely controlling home systems such as water usage, heating & cooling, and appliances. With the arrival of “smart” appliances and new wireless network protocols designed specifically for energy-efficiency, many of these hardware solutions communicate to users and utilities over one or more wireless systems.

ZWave for media and home automation

ZigBee chosen by utility companies because of it’s secure protocol, and

EnOcean a European self-powered energy harvesting technology that powers devices without the use of batteries.

Hardware using these wireless protocols can all be controlled from a single point building management system, or a homeowner’s computer. Even though these technologies are still on the leading edge, trends indicates they are very near to wide-scale adoption, enabling buildings to connect to smart grid applications that exponentially increase energy-efficiency.

Advances in alternative energy sources have provided greener ways of producing electricity and the burgeoning energy-efficiency industry is providing a plethora of energy saving hardware devices to help users re-tool . We can reduce energy consumption with these advances and make strides toward energy independence. Consider what T. Boone Pickens says “In additional to putting our security in the hands of potentially unfriendly and unstable foreign nations, we spent $475 billion on foreign oil in 2008 alone. That’s money taken out of our economy and sent to foreign nations, and it will continue to drain the life from our economy for as long as we fail to stop the bleeding.

Projected over the next 10 years the cost will be $10 trillion – it will be the greatest transfer of wealth in the history of mankind.”

“By investing in renewable energy and conservation, we can create millions of new jobs. Developing new alternative energies while utilizing natural gas for transportation and energy generation; securing our economy by reducing our dependence on foreign oil, and keeping more money at home to pay for the whole thing.”

Moving forward with renewables is a must, but it is also a documented fact that this increased capacity will not be enough to meet upcoming demands and provide energy independence. The tremendous strides being made in energy efficiency technologies are to help stem the tide, bridging the gap.

Review Of Top Kitchen Faucet Brands

The faucet nowdays is chosen not just to get water into the sink but to put in a lot of style, sophistication and flair to a home’s kitchen design. With all the kinds of styles and brands available in the market nowadys, it is best to know your options to help you decide which one best suit you. The top five brands of this kitchen fixture are American Standard, Delta, Kohler, Price Pfister and Grohe.

Delta kitchen faucet is a sought after brand among consumers because of their great quality and award winning products and reputation that they have built through the years. They are at the cutting edge of product innovation as they are recognized for using intelligent technological solutions to make the customers lives easier. Their products are guaranteed to be leak free and worry free operation made possible with trademarked features such s Diamond Seal Technology, Electronic touch and Magna Tite Docking. If you have the budget to seriously make your kitchen sink look high tech and sophisticated, then this brand is the way to go. Kohler, on the other hand, have faucets that are made from solid brass and zinc die-cast only made for outstanding operation, durabililty and strength for years to come. They want their consumers lives easier that is why they utilize an innovative technology for simple installation.

Grohe kitchen faucet has European style of design and functionality with their upscale and innotive products. They want the consumers to feel the perfect flow all the time with their products, this is their motto. With the high price tag of their products, you are to have an optimum fulfillment with the splendid design and modern features that are guranteed to deliver the best peformance and quality possible.

American Standard and Price Pfister are perhaps what can be considered the the household brands when it comes to kitchen sink faucets. They have built their own trusted name and reputation being around in the industry for more than a century. They have a vast array of products from cheap to expensive to serve consumers of all ages and classes. Count on durability, high quality and reliability with the superior designs and breakthrough innovations that they have contributed to the industry throughout the years.

When deciding which brand of fixture to go for, think of three things, your budget, style and needs. If you invest in a good quality kitchen faucet, then you will be saving money in the long run. On the other hand, if you are short of money at the moment, think of basic functionality first rather than sophistication.

European Energy Label For Led Lights

There are many certainties in life, like taxation and electricity bills for example. Another is that whenever you buy an electrical appliance you will always find a European Energy Label somewhere on it. This is because all European manufacturers and retailers must tell you about the energy efficiency of electrical appliances. Regardless of whether you’re buying a fridge, washing machine, dishwasher, oven or light bulb, the EU Energy Label will help you to make informed decisions about the purchase of energy-consuming appliances.

Put simply, the EU Energy Label is a labeling scheme that provides clear and easily recognizable information about the energy consumption and performance of a product. The label is a mandatory requirement and must be clearly displayed on white goods, light bulb packaging and cars when offered for sale or rent.

The main element of the label is an energy efficiency rating scale. This takes the form of a simple, brightly colored, index labeled from A to G. Each of these is a discrete ‘energy efficiency class’ with A being the most efficient and G being the least efficient. With the advent of energy saving technologies, in July 2004 the energy efficiency rating category for A for refrigeration products was divided into 3 separate categories; A, A+ and A++.

The label also provides more general information relating to the product that allows a customer to draw direct comparisons between models.

In the particular case of light bulbs, in addition to the energy efficiency categories, you will find three pieces of important information. The first is the bulbs luminous flux, measured in Lumens. The second is the electricity consumption in watts. The last is the average lifespan in hours.

All of the LED Light Bulbs are classified as A Energy Rated. All light bulb electrical consumptions are calculated relative to a standard. Because the LED Bulbs are rated A they use between 20 and 50 per cent of the energy of this standard, making them impressive little energy savers.

So when you are out looking for electrical products keep your eyes peeled for the EU Energy Label.

If you have any further queries or want to know more about lighting industry, please see other interesting articles written by on this industry especially the revolutionary LED Lights and GU10 LED Bulbs. Also, do not hesitate if you wish to comment on any of the articles and want to express your views in general.