Month: February 2017

Restaurant And Kitchen Exhaust Hood Cleaning Frequency

Many new restaurant owners or commercial kitchen managers struggle to know how often their exhaust hood fans and ducts should be cleaned. Cleaning the exhaust hoods, ducts, fans and filters are not only important but are required by the law under fire code NFPA 96. Failing to properly maintain the kitchen exhaust hood system can result in fires, unpleasant odors, premature breakdown and catastrophic loss. The grease that builds up in the system provides ample fuel for a fire that can burn at an incredible heat. Most exhaust systems have a fire suppression system within the hood and at the mouth of the vertical duct, but fire suppression systems do not provide protection in the vertical and horizontal ductwork or the fan on the roof.

So how often should a restaurant have their exhaust system cleaned? The frequency of cleaning is something that is highly dependent on the volume of cooking and the type of cooking that you perform. Obviously, higher volume cooking locations require more frequent cleaning. However, what most restaurant owners do not realize is that the type of food their kitchen prepares also plays an important role in how often the exhaust system should be serviced.

For instance, preparing foods that are high in fats and oils (such as cooking burgers, char broil cooking, foods cooked in a wok, cooking with solid fuels (wood) or open vat fryers) deposit much more grease into the exhaust system than traditional cooking. So if you are preparing burgers on a daily basis at a high volume your kitchen exhaust hoods will need to be serviced regularly (quarterly at a minimum) to prevent fires and unacceptable grease buildup.

Determining the optimal level of exhaust hood cleaning that your kitchen or restaurant requires takes years of experience. It is often best to consult with a reputable and certified kitchen exhaust hood inspector who can evaluate your system and cooking habits to provide a recommendation on a cleaning and maintenance schedule. Some commercial kitchen and restaurant hood cleaners provide exhaust hood inspection services for free, and some will even provide pictures of the internal ductwork.

As a rule of thumb no commercial kitchen exhaust system in regular use should go over six months without a thorough cleaning. However, if you are cooking a high volume of foods that are high in fats and oils a thorough cleaning might be required as often as twice a month. This is where the expertise of a certified kitchen exhaust system inspector can help you determine how often your exhaust system needs to be cleaned. Once you have a cleaning and maintenance schedule in place reevaluate the schedule every year to ensure that changes in cooking load or menu options have not increased grease buildup between services.

Kitchen Remodeling Buyers Guide

Are you thinking of remodeling your kitchen but don’t know where to start? Since a kitchen makeover can prove to be a challenging task, it would probably help you a lot if you had an organized list of all the things that you’re considering changing. To help you get started, here’s a short kitchen remodeling buyer’s guide that you shouldn’t miss out on.

Cabinets
All kitchens need cupboards for storage so if you want to give your cooking space an updated makeover, look for cupboards that will not only provide you with the space you need, but give your kitchen a new look as well. Not all kitchen cabinets are created equal so do a little research and make a list of what features are important to you before deciding on a manufacturer for your new cabinets.

Counter tops
Next on the list is the perfect counter top. Since there is a wide variety of kitchen counter tops available on the market today, make sure to choose materials that would best suit your personal needs. Don’t forget to consider your kitchen’s overall color scheme when choosing your counter tops for a coherent finish.

Floor tiles
If you have the extra money to spend, you might want to replace your old kitchen tiles with newer and much more stylish ones. Choose kitchen tile flooring that won’t stain easily and is easy to clean so that you won’t have a hard time wiping off any spillage.

Sinks
Although most kitchen sinks are proven to be quite sturdy, you might want to consider replacing your old one with a much newer model. Look for a sink that is made from materials that you know will stand up to the daily abuse a kitchen sink endures and it will last for a very long time.

Refrigerator
Would you want to keep your food cool and fresh without becoming a burden to the environment? Then start looking for an eco-friendly refrigerator today. Older refrigerator models don’t just consume more electricity, they also produce much more CFC gases. And we all know just how bad that is for our environment.

Stove and oven
If you’re looking for a stove and oven that will help you cook all your culinary delights, then make sure to choose a model that is packed with all the features you need to enjoy efficient cooking. Take advantage of today’s kitchen technology by getting a stove and oven that can cut back your cooking time in half.

Dishwasher
Are you tired of your old beat up dishwasher that just can’t clean as well as it used to? If you want your dishes to sparkle without you having to lay your hand on it, then it’s time that you look for a better model to do the dirty work for you. Don’t hesitate to invest a bit more than what you would normally pay for as it’s bound to be worth it in the end.

Now that you have your basic kitchen remodeling buyer’s guide on hand, we hope that you’ll be able to put together your dream kitchen with ease. So long as you take the systematic and practical approach, it’s only a matter of time before you turn your dream kitchen into a reality.

Energy Saving Methods That Could Change The World

Humanity has always faced challenges to its survival and the well being of its societies. Today is no different. Regardless of where you live, global warming will change how you live, work and eat. Thankfully, people have always been able to rise to the challenges before them, and this crisis will be no different. Some methods are easy and some are hard, but these different ways of saving energy could change the world, indeed. These broadly drawn methods are a framework on which our energy future can be changed.

Forging World Partnerships.In the past couple decades, the economies of China and India have made serious strides. Both countries are industrializing exponentially, which boosts the level of pollution they generate. According to Wired Magazine, China is planning to build 30 nuclear power plants by the year 2020. This power starved nation also constructed the Three Gorges Dam, which changed the path of major rivers and flooded large parts of the country in order to generate hydroelectric power. By working together and sharing technology, everyone could benefit from evolving methods of energy generation.

Streamlining Public Transportation. Getting from place to place takes a lot of energy. Public transportation reduces the personal amount of energy one uses while traveling, but it has its problems. Buses and trains are often extremely inconvenient, and can cost the same as simply driving to one’s destination. Airline travel uses massive amounts of petroleum. The Japanese have made strides to increase the efficiency and comfort of travel; their extensive use of electromagnetic bullet trains get people where they need to be quickly and at a relatively low cost to the environment.

Improving Private Transportation. Let’s face it, people are not going to give up the convenience of automobiles unless they have no other choice. That’s why private and public agencies are working to improve the energy efficiency of automobiles. While a completely solar powered car is pretty far off, Ford Motor Company is developing technology that will incorporate roof mounted solar cells to contribute to charging the hybrid battery. Plug in electric cars are also a future necessity, and these will be powered by the same clean electricity that powers your home.

Getting Back to Basics.The conveniences of the modern world are amazing. Heating and air conditioning allow us to live where we please in comfort and all of our electronic devices keep us in constant contact with our loved ones. While we’re certainly not going to give up our climate control or cell phones, the cumulative effect of millions of people could reduce our energy usage enough to mitigate the effects of global climate change. Instead of shutting out nature with sealed windows, we can open windows in the evening to let cool air in, and close blinds over them to keep out the hot sunlight. As they draw energy even when not in use, we can unplug phone chargers and flat screen televisions to reduce our energy consumption even further. Even something as simple as planting bushes can moderate the temperature in our homes. Vigilance by a few can mean success for the many.

Reduce Energy Transportation Cost. Americans use a lot of fossil fuels to generate their electricity and power their cars. Currently, we get a lot of these materials from far flung regions. Eliminating some of the transportation cost would make a dent in our energy costs and would also help influence American foreign policy. For example, accessing the oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge would bring ready energy from within our own borders. Refining the techniques used to reclaim shale oil in Canada would also accomplish the same effect.

Help Reduce the Pollution Caused by Industry. The skylines of yesteryear were blanketed with heavy smoke from dirty manufacturing plants. Thanks to a progression of advances in green technology, these plants give off far fewer greenhouse and other gases. Most smokestacks are currently equipped with scrubbers that cut down on the volume of sulfur and other gases bellowed into the atmosphere. With further research dollars, these methods will only get better, reining in air pollution, even as our population increases.

Education is the Key. Education is the solution to so many problems. The more people learn, the easier it is to effect meaningful change. In addition to making more Americans aware of what they can do to change the world, it’s also important to reach out to the rest of the world. The Internet and other methods of communication make it possible to put everyone on the same page.

Toolswalt Offering Multi Brand Power Tools

In this modern world the requirements are increasing, way of living is improving and facilities has also increased the standard of construction and furnishing of houses, offices, showrooms. The quality of doing tasks of construction and furnishing of the houses and building industry as well as in production industry has also improved accordingly. All this become possible only because of so many options and variety of different kind of tools and equipment. The Power tools used for such working performance are also become more scientific and modern, instead of doing it is. These tasks in old times weremanually operated hand tools which have been replaced with the latest technology and features that are more human friendly, easy to handle and operate and lighter than the traditional old time tools and techniques.

When you think of performing a repair work, fixing of new fittings, renovations interior furnishing, fixtures, construction work in both house hold & industrial works, you need special power tools which can be used for performing such tasks. These power tools can be used either by do-it-yourself techniques or by the professional technician in taskslike drilling, sawing, cutting, grinding, polishing, tightening-fitting and breaking of structures.

You will think of many options to get a better choice of branded power tools, study of perfect and suitable power tool for the particular job and project to make your tasks easier so that you can do it yourself and these difficult tasks can also be handled and done very easily and perfectly with the help of perfect and suitable suggested power tools and their accessories. Now a days a huge range of do-it-yourself professional power tools and their kits of accessories are available. These power tools andtheir accessories can be used very effectively, efficiently with so many functions. These tools are powered by 220volt AC or battery packs which are cordless. The other ranges of tools are pneumatic power tools which run on air pressure. Some power tools are also powered and driven by gasoline engines.

The operational manuals and instruction manuals are also provided with these power tools to enable a user with little knowledge about these tools so that one can use these friendly tools easily with do-it yourself technique. Professionals and expert technicians can also perform their difficult tasks much more effectively in all difficult trades. Toolswalt.com is the best option to purchase online power tools, hand tools and accessories. Toolswalt.com is Indias largest multi brand Tools & Appliances E-Store. One can choose from a wide range of power tools, hand tools, D.I.Y products, air tools, house hold appliances and their accessories and can order it very easily online with the help of multiple payment options like Net banking, Credit/Debit Card, Cash-On-Delivery and also with free shipping.

Saving Money Through Texas Energy Efficiency Investments

As one of the fastest growing states in the US, Texas is challenged with increasing its productivity and it can do this by increasing investments in energy efficiency initiatives that can save both residential and commercial users of Texas electricity literally billions of dollars over the next two decades. Seems like an impossible task? According to the American Council for the Energy-Efficient Economy or ACEEE, such proposition is not only possible but completely doable.

In a recent study conducted by the ACEEE called Energy Efficiency Investments as an Economic Productivity Strategy for Texas, energy efficiency programs in the state could reduce Texas electricity consumption by up to 30% by the year 2030, creating savings for electricity users of up to $14 billion within that period. Not only that, energy efficiency initiatives in the state will also boost employment by creating up to 47,000 jobs each year until the projected period of 2030.

The 30% projected reduction in Texas electricity consumption was based on targets set by the Public Utility Commission of Texas (PUCT) for energy efficiency improvements. Also taken into consideration are the estimates made by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) which handles the energy deregulated areas in the state. However, these projected figures will only be achieved with the expansion of current energy efficiency investments which spans all sectors including commercial, industrial and residential area.

Energy Efficiency Initiatives in Texas

According to the ACEEE study, to meet the growing demands for Texas electricity, the state would have to invest about 6 to 10 cents per kilowatt-hour on new electric generating plants. Energy efficiency provides a better alternative however, as the cost of investments to achieve a 30% gain in efficiency will only cost the state less than 4 cents per kilowatt-hour.

For years, energy efficiency programs to reduce electricity consumption in the state have already benefitted Texas residents and businesses as evident in their reduced energy bills. Between 2009 and 2011, the state already benefitted up to $1.5 billion in savings from these energy efficiency programs, which also created up to 12,000 jobs during this same period and reduced emissions by as much as 413 tons per year. By expanding these energy efficiency initiatives, the state will most likely hit its targets by the year 2030.

Texas schools have also benefitted from energy efficiency programs which involved easy investments. A school district with at least 4,000 students can realize savings by as much as $1.6 million in ten years or basically $160,000 savings each year from their Texas electricity bills. Most of the investment funds came from the Texas Loan STAR program for energy efficiency.

City governments have also taken initiatives in reducing energy consumption in their respective areas. In Houston, energy efficiency projects include the use of energy efficient LED traffic lights that would save as much as 85% more Houston electricity than traditional incandescent lamps. Aside from the cost savings, the use of energy efficient lamps also reduces carbon emissions, requires less maintenance and improves overall visibility for each traffic light.

In an energy deregulated Texas electricity market, consumers have the power to select their energy options and apply for grants that would finance their energy efficiency upgrades that would save thousands of dollars from their electricity bills each year. These are basically great investments that would help ensure a clean and sustainable future for all.

Kitchen Remodeling How Much

Kitchen remodeling has gained the spotlight in home improvement for a good reason. With all the delightful benefits that such project has to offer, more and more New York homeowners are tempted to jump into the renovation bandwagon. However, undertaking such can be a costly endeavor. To make things work out and finish off the project in a timely and cost-efficient way, it is important to know the costs involved and ways that you can save money. This article discusses just this with tips ideal whether you are in Manhattan, Long Island, Staten Island, Queens, or Brooklyn.

Kitchen Remodeling Cost

As they say, no two houses are exactly the same as well as the taste and personal preferences of homeowners. Other than these, other factors that will affect your overall kitchen remodeling budget include the size, condition and current layout of the room. Some of the major areas where your money goes include the kitchen cabinets, appliances, countertops, flooring, and labor. Total expense can range from an average of $20,000 to around $115,000 for an upscale renovation.

Financing

When it comes to financing your kitchen remodeling, you can either take it from your personal savings, apply for a loan or combination of both. Investigate which way would best fit your financial conditions and would offer the best deal. There are various lending institutions and companies that offer such services, thus doing research is crucial not only to land with the best deal but to avoid scams as well. Some of the options you can consider include:

Mortgage refinancing
Personal savings
Retirement funds
Home equity loans
Online communities fund alternative (like Prosper or Lending Club)

Kitchen Remodeling Budget

Busting the budget is among the most feared yet common thing to happen when kitchen remodeling. Though working on a dream kitchen, it is important to be realistic when establishing a budget. Setting a budget is important not only to avoid overspending but to also allow your hired contractor to get the best value for the money that you are willing to invest into the project. Your best source of the closest estimate is from a qualified contractor. And it is advised to extend your budget to 12%, this will cover overruns and keep the project going.

Ways to Save Money

In kitchen remodeling, there are many ways in which you can save money without cutting corners. Smart spending is the key and not to opt for cheap labor and products. Here are money-saving ideas that you cab take advantage of to save money on your kitchen remodeling project:

A well-detailed contract and well-drafted kitchen remodeling plan will avoid additions to the original scope of the project.
If possible, reuse existing appliances.
Opt for RTA kitchen cabinets that afford you the same quality and appeal that you can get out of traditional pieces, but for a fraction of the cost.
Discuss with your contractor the tasks that you can do yourself to cutback on labor.
Avoid major changes in the layout such as moving appliances and utilities that would require a re-route in plumbing and electrical system.

Best Franchise Business In Visakhapatnam, Best Franchise Opportunities In Vizag

Which franchise business is best? Furniture franchise

Are you planning to start a new business then taking up a franchise is the best option. One can find some best franchise ideas available in the market. We will take you through some of the best franchise opportunities in 2010 that sound profitable also.

Taking up a furniture franchise is mostly considered a profitable option. Taking care of furniture is about taking care of comfort and the environment in which people live, so there is an enormous amount of job satisfaction to be gained from entering into this sector.

Indian Furniture market is estimated to be more than Rs. 60,000 cr. Furniture segment comprises 65% of the home market & 35% of Institutions. The entire Home decor category spends, furniture accounts about 68% of the share while remaining 32% comprises of furnishings and home improvement. Imported furniture constitutes to 85% of the total organized furniture industry in the country. With the real estate booming, it sounds good times for the furniture industry.

Several furniture companies are offering their franchises to be setup all of the country.Today, some companies even offer custom made furniture that suits your style, space and comfort. Gone are those day when we need to buy standard designs and shapes as available in the furniture showrooms.

Some leading furniture companies use state of the art machines to ensure that demands are met perfectly and most of them provide premium quality leather that is water resistant, stain resistant and anti static.

If you are a currently thinking of investing in a franchise or business opportunity in a specific industry sector, then you should consider taking the advice of a franchise experts like VR Consultancy who can guide you in selecting the best franchise business as per your location & budget.

For More Details Visit: www.vizagrecruits.com (or) www.vrcinvestingnbusiness.blogspot.com/2010/09/which-franchise-business-is-best.html

Contact:
Ravindra, CEO
Vizag Recruits
[emailprotected]
9912884466

Notes for Selecting Kitchen Cabinets

Notes for the identification of the plant capacity — small workshops or large factories

The production equipment of many manufacturers is simple and crude, and mostly are manual operation (3-5 million RMB devices), do one when receiving one, purchase materials relying on advances from customers, production relying on carrying bricks + contractors, win customers by ” lower than others” argument. Kitchen cabinet is a collection of customized products, it is necessary to meet the different needs of customers, but also produce in accordance with the bulk of industrialization, standardization, such a systemic complex product requires board cutting, drilling, edge banding and assembly must have panel furniture production line.ne.

Precautions: First, you should carefully the kitchen cabinet manufacturer inquire whether it has factory, where is the factory? What equipment? Whether can visit the factory? Secondly, pay attention to see the plate edge and fine edge, see whether the product sheet is edge-sealing, small workshops usually just seal the visible surface, this will lead to the plate easy to absorb moisture and expand in a humid kitchen; Thirdly, see wall cabinet side panels drilling process, including whether the hinge mounting holes are not accurate, and the emergence of porous phenomenon.

2. Note that the fake foreign brand recognition — fake foreign brands or local goods

European cabinet design philosophy guides the trend of world cabinet, so many manufacturers use the foreign name, using cover-up publicity and marketing to trumpet cabinets as Germany, Italy or from international brand, but in fact are authentic local goods and local products, has nothing to do with the quality of best kitchen cabinet brands from Germany, Italy and the advanced countries; it is the marketing tool purely playing with the concept.

Precautions: User should take a closer look at the quality assurance and origin at the time of purchase, not to spend time and money because they are crowned as luxuries in the Western name.

3. Note to plate true and false identification — emphasis on the plate real brand and sources

The kitchen is closely related to people’s eating habits, which has higher requirements for the plate. Formal manufacturers will adopt brand materials, which have passed by the certificate authority environmental testing and provide brand material certificate. Many cabinet brands engrave their own cabinet brand as security signs on the plate, which often distract your attention on real plates brand and source, and is most likely to be shoddy; consumers must not forget to ask and view the proof in the purchase.

Precautions: Pay attention to obtain a copy of the proof of written materials, to inquire into the real material brand, it is best to call the material supplier, to determine the authenticity of the selected cabinet timber.

www.chinakitchencabinets.net is the leading manufacturer and wholesaler in China, offering kitchen cabinets, wardrobe, bathroom products, kitchen appliance, kitchen accessories, home furniture, and commercial kitchen equipment worldwide. OPPEIN is famous for custom kitchen cabinets and online service.

Do’s And Don’ts Of Home Renovation Loans

If you are considering a home renovation loan to finance your new home improvement project, then you need to go into the process as prepared as possible. These twenty tips will prove invaluable when shopping for and navigating through your home renovation loan.

1. Home Renovation Loan Don’t:

Don’t rush through your planning phase in an effort to get to the actual renovation as quickly as possible. Many an owner before you has made this mistake only to run out of money with a half-improved home.

2. Home Renovation Loan Do:

Do understand that the planning and financing phase is just as important as the actual rehab phase. The battle can be won or lost before the first nail is ever hammered.

3. Home Renovation Loan Don’t:

Don’t rely on a cost estimator to put together your home improvement budget. They will not be accurate enough.

4. Home Renovation Loan Do:

Do take the time you need to put a solid budget together, based on actual bids and quotes from local contractors and material providers. Make sure you based these bids and quotes on your actual blueprints.

5. Home Renovation Loan Don’t:

Don’t shop for a home improvement loan based solely on the interest rate during the rehab. Short term, interest-only rehab rates will only create a minor variation to your overall costs, because they only apply for the few months that you will be renovating.

6. Home Renovation Loan Do:

Do make sure your loan accrues interest based only on what you actually borrow during renovation. This way you can pad your budget going into the rehab without having to pay interest on it.

7. Home Renovation Loan Don’t:

Don’t allow the seller of the house to force you into a purchase agreement that expires in one month. Your lot contract will expire before your loan closes and funds.

8. Home Renovation Loan Do:

Do explain to the seller of the house that you are wrapping the purchase into your home improvement loan and need at least two months (or more) on the contract in order to finalize plans, complete a full budget and get the file through underwriting.

9. Home Renovation Loan Don’t:

Don’t try to build the biggest house in the neighborhood. Your loan’s appraisal will most likely be inadequate to get the file through underwriting, because there won’t be any comparable properties in your neighborhood.

10. Home Renovation Loan Do:

Do understand the appraisal process and requirements before you finalize your house plans and/or select your property. If you can’t get a solid appraisal, you can’t get a home improvement loan.

11. Home Renovation Loan Don’t:

Don’t settle for a loan that has two closings – one for renovation and one for the modification to the permanent loan once you’re done building. This extra closing will cost you time, money, and headaches.

12. Home Renovation Loan Do:

Do find a loan that has a single closing to cover the land purchase, renovation phase, and conversion to permanent financing. You may see the term single-close or one-time-closing.

13. Home Renovation Loan Don’t:

Don’t try to secure financing with poor credit nowadays. It is hard to find any financing for poor credit borrowers right now, especially if you want to rehab a home.

14. Home Renovation Loan Do:

Do make sure your credit score is at least above 620 with a few open, healthy accounts. For your best chances at financing, get your score above 700. Talk to your loan officer for credit restoration ideas if needed.

15. Home Renovation Loan Don’t:

Don’t start building your new home without a plan for selling your current home.

16. Home Renovation Loan Do:

Do consider listing your current home for sale right from the start. Your new home may not be ready for another six months, but that gives you plenty of time to consider offers and prepare for the sale of the current home.

17. Home Renovation Loan Don’t:

Don’t start renovations until your loan has closed. Depending on the state and/or county in which you live, you may run into issues with title insurance. No title insurance means no financing.

18. Home Renovation Loan Do:

Do speak to your loan officer and local title companies if you absolutely have to begin improvements prior to the loan closing date.

19. Home Renovation Loan Don’t:

Don’t hurt your credit score while you fix up your own house by running up credit cards or missing payments due to being strapped for cash.

20. Home Renovation Loan Do:

Do look for a loan that has features to keep your cash in your pocket: minimal down payment requirements, an interest reserve feature to limit mortgage payments while you build, a contingency to protect you from under-budgeting, etc. These types of features will prevent you from spending all of your own cash, which leads people to severely damage their credit scores while they build.

Getting Rid of Runoff Water

Water can be detrimental to your home. Any rain and snow falling on your roof is your home’s enemy, and should be eliminated as efficiently as possible. Accumulated water can easily seep into the structure of your home, whether on the roof or the foundation, and result in serious damage.

Preventing water from damaging your home is the first step towards a happy home. All that is needed for good surface drainage is a properly angled roof, gutters, downspouts, and downspout extensions.

The roof is the first step to eliminating runoff water. It should be appropriately angled according to the environment in which it stands. Higher pitched roofs are common in areas where there is heavier snowfall, as falling snow can easily slide off the roof. In areas where there is a lot of rainfall, it is important that roofs be pitched in a manner that allows rainwater to flow into the gutters. This will prevent water from accumulating on the roof and destroying it. Therefore, most homes in North America are not flat, as it is more difficult to eliminate runoff water.

Your roof angles runoff water into the gutters attached along its perimeter. It is important that with faster and heavier rainfall, gutters be larger to accommodate all runoff water. If gutters are too small, water will splash over the sides and still be able to cause damage to your home.

Gutters should be checked and cleaned on a routine basis. Any leaks should be sealed with caulking, while debris clogging the gutters should be removed. It may be a time consuming task, but it will save you the grief caused by severe damage that could potentially destroy your home.

The vertical piping connected to the gutters are the downspouts. Downspouts forge a path for runoff water to be able to reach the ground. Like your gutters, they should be sized appropriately so that all water can be collected without spillage and be cleaned and checked routinely for leaks. Normally, downspouts are attached at the corners of a house. For surface drainage, a curved connection at the end to angle draining water away from the foundation is common. However, this is not sufficient to prevent water from leaking into your basement and adversely affecting the foundation of your home.

Which is why downspout extensions are required. Downspout extensions simply attach to the bottom of downspouts. Extending a few feet away from your home, they collect runoff water and direct it well away. A good downspout extension will also disperse the pressure of draining water so that it does not hit the ground heavily.